Babies also might have slowed development or loss of skills (like babbling, sitting, or crawling). Although the spasms usually go away by the time a child is 4 years old, many babies with IS will have other kinds of epilepsy later in life.
Do babies with infantile spasms sleep more?
It is common for babies who have infantile spasms to become irritable and to go off their feeds. Their sleep pattern also changes in that they may sleep more during the day and less during the night.
How do I know if my baby has infantile spasms?
Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)
Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain. Suddenly bend at the waist. Drop or bob their heads briefly. Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.
Do babies with infantile spasms develop normally?
They may cause developmental problems. They may also cause other forms of epilepsy. On the other hand, normal development and a normal life is possible for some children with infantile spasms. Overall, about 20% of children with infantile spasms will develop normally.
Can infantile spasms go away on their own?
The sooner your little one starts treatment for infantile spasms or West syndrome, the better, because this condition can affect how their mind and body develop. In some cases, the seizures and spasms will stop on their own, but most children will need treatment.
What can be confused with infantile spasms?
Spasms start suddenly and last a second or two. They often come one after another in a cluster that lasts several minutes. They happen most often just after waking. They’re often mistaken for colic, reflux, or hiccupping.
Do infantile spasms cause brain damage?
Infantile spasms is a complex and rare disorder that can have very serious consequences. It can lead to death in some babies, and cause intellectual disabilities and developmental problems in others. Even once the seizures are gone, the damaging brain effects can remain.
What are the signs to look for in neurological symptoms in infants?
Neonatal Neurological Disorder Symptoms
- Decreased level of consciousness.
- Abnormal movements.
- Feeding difficulty.
- Changes in body temperature.
- Rapid changes in head size and tense soft spot.
- Changes in muscle tone (either high or low)
What infantile spasms look like?
Infantile spasms often look like a sudden, brief stiffening of a baby’s muscles. Symptoms may include: a cluster of spasms that may be associated with waking from sleep. jackknife seizures, where the body bends forward, the knees are pulled up, and the arms are thrown out to the side.
What is infant shudder syndrome?
Shuddering attacks (SA) are an uncommon benign disorder of infants and young children, with movements resembling shivering and straining, without impaired consciousness or epileptiform EEG, and showing resolution or improvement by 2 or 3 years of age.
Do infantile spasms show up on EEG?
Doctors often confirm the diagnosis of infantile spasms with an electroencephalogram (EEG) test. An EEG shows a specific type of abnormal chaotic brainwave pattern called hypsarrhythmia.