Maternal iron deficiency and consequent anemia comprise a major problem in developing countries, affecting >50% of women during pregnancy (1–3). Other micronutrient deficiencies are likely to be widely prevalent, especially those of iodine, zinc, vitamin A, and the vitamin B-complex (1–3,7).
What nutrients are most commonly deficient during pregnancy?
A significant amount of pregnant women are deficient in vitamins D, C, A, K, B-6, and E, as well as iron, folate, calcium, potassium, magnesium, and choline, according to the study , which was published in JAMA Network Open on Friday.
What nutrients are depleted during pregnancy?
Marginal intakes of iron and folic acid during the reproductive period induce a poor maternal status for these nutrients during the interpregnancy interval. Poor iron and folic acid status has also been linked to preterm births and fetal growth retardation.
What are the 3 most common nutrient deficiencies?
7 Nutrient Deficiencies That Are Incredibly Common
- Iron deficiency. Iron is an essential mineral. …
- Iodine deficiency. …
- Vitamin D deficiency. …
- Vitamin B12 deficiency. …
- Calcium deficiency. …
- Vitamin A deficiency. …
- Magnesium deficiency.
What is the most important nutrient for a pregnant woman?
A pregnant woman needs more calcium, folic acid, iron and protein than a woman who is not expecting, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Here is why these four nutrients are important.
What happens if you don’t get enough nutrients during pregnancy?
A lack of nutrition in the womb can actually affect the foetal metabolism and predispose the baby to type 2 diabetes before it is even born. As well as metabolic problems, undernutrition in the womb can also increase the risk of cancers, cardiovascular disorders, infectious diseases and kidney problems.
A new study shows that women with vitamin B12 deficiency in early pregnancy were up to five times more likely to have a child with neural tube defects, such as spina bifida, compared to women with high levels of vitamin B12.
How do I know if I’m eating enough in pregnancy?
To find out whether you’re getting adequate fluids, check your urine: If it’s light yellow or clear, you’re drinking enough; if it’s dark yellow, drink more. Also, because the kidneys excrete salt actively during pregnancy, be sure to include a moderate amount of iodized salt in your diet, says Copel.
What happens if vitamin D is low during pregnancy?
Adverse health outcomes such as preeclampsia, low birthweight, neonatal hypocalcemia, poor postnatal growth, bone fragility, and increased incidence of autoimmune diseases have been linked to low vitamin D levels during pregnancy and infancy.
Does the baby take all your nutrients?
While all nutrient needs increase throughout pregnancy, in the first trimester your body does not yet need additional calories to support your baby (a developing fetus is small!). In the second and third trimester, your calorie needs do increase.
How long does it take to correct nutritional deficiencies?
It’s going to take between 6 weeks and 3 months to correct most nutritional deficiencies. Another good example is iron – it takes 3 months for the human body to make new red blood cells. So as a general rule we usually aim for 3 months of supplementation.
How do you find out what nutrients you are lacking?
Most vitamin and mineral deficiencies can be picked up with a blood test, like:
- a venous blood test — a trained professional will use a needle to puncture a vein, usually in your arm, to collect a blood sample.
- a finger-prick blood test — using a lancet, you can prick your own finger and collect a small blood sample.