A perinatal stroke is a stroke that happens to a baby between 20 weeks gestation and 28 days after birth (1). Perinatal strokes are especially common during the week after birth. A recent estimate suggests the incidence of perinatal stroke may be about one in 2200 live births (1).
What happens when a baby has a stroke in the womb?
A perinatal stroke, one that occurs in the womb or within the first month after birth, can cause brain damage that leads to cerebral palsy. The signs of a stroke in a fetus or newborn may not be obvious and the possible complications are wide-ranging.
How do you know if your baby has a stroke in utero?
It’s nearly impossible to detect a stroke in utero, or even in the first few weeks after birth, since the symptoms can seem within the norm for infants: favoring one side, extreme sleepiness, mild seizures that seem like shivering or sudden stiffening.
Can a baby have a stroke at birth?
Strokes in children most often happen within the first month after birth. These are sometimes called perinatal (or neonatal) strokes. Most perinatal (pair-ih-NAY-tul) strokes happen during delivery or right after delivery when the baby doesn’t get enough oxygen while traveling through the birth canal.
What is intrauterine stroke?
An intrauterine stroke is a stroke that affects a baby prior to birth. When a baby has an intrauterine stroke, the anxiety and uncertainty can be overwhelming for the expectant parents.
What does a stroke look like in a baby?
The most common signs and symptoms of stroke include the sudden appearance of: Weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg, usually on one side of the body. Trouble walking due to weakness or trouble moving one side of the body, or due to loss of coordination.
What causes a stroke in a fetus?
What causes neonatal stroke? The most common type of neonatal stroke, arterial ischemic stroke, occurs when a blood clot or structural abnormality (such as moyamoya disease or other cerebral arteriopathies) obstructs blood flow within a baby’s brain or spinal cord.
What does cerebral palsy look like in infants?
Signs and symptoms appear during infancy or preschool years. In general, cerebral palsy causes impaired movement associated with exaggerated reflexes, floppiness or spasticity of the limbs and trunk, unusual posture, involuntary movements, unsteady walking, or some combination of these.
What is the treatment for blood clot in brain?
Thrombolysis – “clot buster” medicine
Ischaemic strokes can often be treated using injections of a medicine called alteplase, which dissolves blood clots and restores blood flow to the brain. This use of “clot-busting” medicine is known as thrombolysis.
Can a baby with brain damage recover?
Fortunately, most cases are mild, and children will recover well with minimal or no complications. The recovery from mild brain damage is not necessarily rapid, though. It could take years of therapy and other interventions to help a child recover normal function.