A birth defect is something visibly abnormal, internally abnormal, or chemically abnormal about your newborn baby’s body. The defect might be caused by genetics, infection, radiation, or drug exposure, or there might be no known reason.
What are the 4 main causes of birth defects?
What causes birth defects?
- Genetic problems. One or more genes might have a change or mutation that results in them not working properly, such as in Fragile X syndrome. …
- Chromosomal problems. …
- Infections. …
- Exposure to medications, chemicals, or other agents during pregnancy.
What are the chances of having a baby with abnormalities?
CDC estimates that birth defects occur in about 1 in every 33 infants born in the United States each year. Birth defects can occur during any pregnancy, but some factors increase the risk for birth defects.
What are the 5 most common birth defects?
The most common birth defects are:
- heart defects.
- cleft lip/palate.
- Down syndrome.
- spina bifida.
Which trimester is most important?
The first trimester is the most crucial to your baby’s development. During this period, your baby’s body structure and organ systems develop. Most miscarriages and birth defects occur during this period. Your body also undergoes major changes during the first trimester.
How can I improve my baby’s brain during pregnancy?
But here are six simple, research-supported ways to help boost your baby’s brain development in utero.
- Take a Hike. Well, it doesn’t have to be a hike, a 30-minute walk will do the trick! …
- Food as Medicine. …
- Supplement A Healthy Diet. …
- Read to Your Bump. …
- Get More Sleep. …
- Get Geared Up.
What foods prevent birth defects?
Lean meat, poultry, fish, and eggs are good sources of protein. Other options include beans, tofu, dairy products, and peanut butter. Breads and grains: Mothers should choose grains that are high in fiber and enriched such as whole-grain breads, cereals, pasta, and rice.
What vitamins prevent birth defects?
Folic Acid is An Important Vitamin
Folic acid is a vitamin found in many foods and multivitamin supplements. It’s especially important for women who could become pregnant because folic acid can help prevent birth defects.
Should I be worried about birth defects?
CB: Babies who have birth defects often need special care and interventions to survive and to thrive developmentally. Early intervention is vital to improving outcomes for these babies. If your child has a birth defect, you should ask his or her doctor about local resources and treatment.
Does folic acid prevent Down syndrome?
April 17, 2003 — Taking folic acid supplements before and during early pregnancy may not only help prevent neural tube defects in babies, but it may also reduce the risk of Down syndrome.