The exact cause is unknown, but doctors believe several factors increase a child’s risk of hip dysplasia: a family history of DDH in a parent or other close relative. gender — girls are two to four times more likely to have the condition. first-born babies, whose fit in the uterus is tighter than in later babies.
What happens if hip dysplasia is left untreated in babies?
Some babies may need one or more surgeries as they grow because the hip can dislocate again. If DDH is left untreated, a child may develop differences in leg length and a duck-like gait. Later in life, he or she may have pain or arthritis in the hip.
Can infant hip dysplasia cause problems later in life?
Later in life, hip dysplasia can damage the soft cartilage (labrum) that rims the socket portion of the hip joint. This is called a hip labral tear. Hip dysplasia can also make the joint more likely to develop osteoarthritis.
How do they test for hip dysplasia in newborns?
The Ortolani Test: The examiner’s hands are placed over the child’s knees with his/her thumbs on the medial thigh and the fingers placing a gentle upward stress on the lateral thigh and greater trochanter area. With slow abduction, a dislocated and reducible hip will reduce with a described palpable “clunk.”
What are signs of cerebral palsy in babies?
Signs and symptoms appear during infancy or preschool years. In general, cerebral palsy causes impaired movement associated with exaggerated reflexes, floppiness or spasticity of the limbs and trunk, unusual posture, involuntary movements, unsteady walking, or some combination of these.