How do I know if my baby has HSV 1?

Contact your doctor immediately if there are any signs of HSV infection. These include low grade fever (100.4 degrees F., or more, rectally), poor feeding, irritability, and skin rash in the form of pimples or blisters, seizures or other similar symptoms that may develop within six weeks following birth.

What does HSV look like on a baby?

Symptoms of HSV Infection in Newborns

The first symptom is usually a rash of small, fluid-filled blisters. The blisters can also appear inside the mouth and around the eyes. This close-up of a newborn’s mouth shows sores on and under the upper lip caused by herpes simplex virus.

How soon do HSV 1 symptoms appear?

The average incubation period for an initial herpes infection is 4 days (range, 2 to 12) after exposure. The vesicles break and leave painful ulcers that may take two to four weeks to heal after the initial herpes infection. Experiencing these symptoms is referred to as having a first herpes “outbreak” or episode.

How does HSV 1 affect babies?

HSV-1 and HSV-2 infection puts newborns at high risk for developing severe and life-threatening symptoms, including: Fatal organ damage, including the liver, lungs, and heart. Serious viral infections, such as viral meningitis. Recurrent sores on the skin, eyes, genitals, or mouth.

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Can you test a baby for HSV 1?

If you or your doctor suspects that your baby may have neonatal herpes simplex, we typically test both the mother and the baby for the presence of the virus. If you are pregnant and know that you have herpes simplex or know that you’ve recently been exposed to the virus, ask your doctor to perform a test.

Do I need to worry about HSV 1?

And it’s not just the risk of spreading a cold sore that you should be worried about. If you have an HSV-1 infection, you can give your partner genital herpes through oral sex. Having an open sore increases risk of an STD by providing the virus or bacteria a direct route into the body.

How likely is it to spread HSV-1 genitally?

But it is still possible to spread the infection even when no ulcers are present. One study examined rates of genital herpes transmission in heterosexual couples when only one partner was initially infected [1]. Over one year, the virus was transmitted to the other partner in 10 percent of couples.

Can I spread HSV-1 without an outbreak?

Prevention. HSV-1 is most contagious during an outbreak of symptomatic oral herpes, but can also be transmitted when no symptoms are felt or visible.

What are the chances of spreading HSV-1 without an outbreak?

Herpes (both oral & genital) can be spread even when there are no symptoms or sores. This is called asymptomatic shedding. Suppressive antiviral therapy significantly reduces asymptomatic shedding (and outbreaks). Valacyclovir taken daily can reduce risk of transmission to a partner by as much as 50%.

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What if a mother has HSV-1?

HSV-1 infection in newborns — who can contract the virus from infected mothers during passage through the birth canal — can be severe, causing brain damage or death. Neonatal HSV infection affects an estimated 1 in 3,200 to 1 in 10,000 live births, Leib said.

Can I spread HSV-1 to my child?

Kids can get HSV-1 by kissing or touching a person with cold sores, or by sharing eating utensils, towels, or other items with an infected person. Many kids get infected with HSV-1 during the preschool years.

Should I tell my partner I have HSV-1?

And what you describe isn’t unusual: Most adults have been exposed to oral herpes (HSV-1) and many of us do not remember having a cold sore. Oral-to-genital transmission in the absence of an outbreak is rare, so you don’t need to share this bit of news with your future partners.